25 June 2018

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Heartiest congratulations on winning a second term in the recently concluded general election. I also congratulate the people of Turkey for their peaceful participation in their nation’s democratic process. The resounding mandate given by the people is a testament to your leadership of not only Turkey, but the region during trying times.

I am convinced that your commitment to democracy, the continued betterment of the Turkish people, the promotion of peace and the eradication of subversive elements which were key election promises by the AK Party contributed greatly to your victory this second time around.

Turkey’s progress and its place in the world will be more assured under your dynamic stewardship. I am also convinced that your victory is also a victory for the Islamic world in portraying a modern and progressive face of Islam that embraces change while not compromising on the values of our faith and the fundamental teachings of the Holy Prophet (pbuh).

Your declaration of “one nation, one flag, one country, one state” in your victory speech is the true mark of a statesman in bringing together opposing sides after a hard-fought election.

As you know, we here in Malaysia too are going through an unprecedented chapter in our nation’s history following the victory of my coalition party for the first time. Closing ranks and uniting different factions is our first task in taking our nation forward.

As you begin your second term as President, I am looking forward to continuing our working relationship, although this time not as Malaysia’s Opposition leader but as a participant in Malaysia’s new government and leadership.

I would like to take this opportunity to also express my appreciation for your continued support and friendship all these years, especially during my incarceration.

I thank you for the hospitality shown towards me during my recent visit to Istanbul and am looking forward to returning the courtesy one day.

Azizah and I wish you and Emine continued health and happiness as you embark on this next chapter in your lives as the re-elected President and returning First Lady of the Great Nation of Turkey.

 

Anwar Ibrahim
25th June 2018

6 June 2018

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DSAI dan Tun M berbuka puasa bersama pada 5 Jun 2018 di kediaman peribadi Tun M.

Anwar Ibrahim & Dr. Mahathir Mohamad adalah Mohamad adalah dua pemimpin berjiwa besar yang tidak akan biarkan negara ini hancur dek segelintir petualang yang benci kedamaian. Mereka berdua memikul amanah negara yang akan di soal di akhirat kelak. Hentikan fitnah dan prasangka buruk, bersama kita bina semula Malaysia yang lebih gemilang. Kita mohon Allah merahmati kedua mereka dan keluarga mereka.

8 April 2018

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KENYATAAN MEDIA

 

Pada hari-hari terakhir Parlimen ke-13, Menteri UMNO DS Azalina Othman berkata bahawa pihak kerajaan tidak berniat mengembalikan keperluan perkenan Di-Raja Yang Di-Pertuan Agong sebelum sesebuah Rang Undang-Undang itu menjadi Akta. Beliau menyebut sedemikian dalam satu  jawapan bertulis di Dewan Rakyat.

 

Saya amat terkejut dengan pendirian UMNO dalam isu ini. Ia membuktikan bahawa dakwaan UMNO mempertahan Institusi Raja-Raja Melayu dan kepentingan orang Melayu hanyalah dakyah propaganda semata-mata untuk meraih sokongan orang Melayu terhadap UMNO-BN!

 

Berasaskan Perlembagaan sedia ada, Perkenan Di-Raja tidak mandatori. Ini telah mengakibatkan salah guna kuasa oleh kerajaan BN. Contoh paling teruk adalah pewartaan Akta Majlis Keselamatan Negara  (MKN) walaupun Majlis Raja-Raja berpendapat beberapa peruntukan dalam Rang Undang-undang tersebut perlu diperhalusi. MKN telah diwartakan tanpa menerima perkenan Yang Di-Pertuan Agong.

 

Awal tahun ini, saya telah memfailkan tindakan mahkamah terhadap kerajaan di Mahkamah Persekutuan untuk memulangkan keperluan mandatori bagi Perkenan Di-Raja, dengan memansuhkan Fasal 66(4) Perlembagaan Persekutuan yang membolehkan sesuatu RUU menjadi Akta secara otomatik selepas 30 hari, walaupun Yang Di-Pertuang Agong tidak memberi perkenan terhadap RUU tersebut.

 

Saya berasa jijik mendengar kemunafikan pihak yang berkata kononnya mereka lah yang mempertahan Institusi Raja-Raja, tetapi kerajaan UMNO-BN melalui peguam-peguamnya lah yang melawan habis-habisan tindakan mahkamah yang saya mulakan ini!

 

Perkenan Di-Raja amatlah penting dalam menjamin keseimbangan di antara pihak eksekutif, legislatif dan Raja-Raja dalam meluluskan undang-undang.

 

Sekali lagi saya tekankan pendirian dan komitmen Pakatan Harapan untuk mempertahan integriti Perlembagaan Persekutuan dan memelihara kedudukan Institusi Raja-Raja dalam kerangka perlembagaan kita.

 

Kerajaan Pakatan Harapan akan melihat kembali isu ini dengan niat meminda Perlembagaan demi mengembalikan keseimbangan keperlembagaan seperti yang diniatkan sewaktu Merdeka, dan demi mempertahan kedudukan Raja-Raja Melayu.

 

Anwar Ibrahim

7 April 2018

 

 

Press Release: Anwar Ibrahim’s statement on Umno’s refusal to restore Royal Assent requirement

 

In the final days of the 13th parliament, Umno Minister Azalina Othman stated that the government has no plans to restore the requirement for the Royal Assent of the Yang DiPertuan Agong to be obtained for a Bill to become law. Azalina said this in a written reply in the Dewan Rakyat.

 

I am appalled by the stand taken by Umno on this issue. It proves that their constant claims that they are protectors of the Royal Institution and the interests of Malays is nothing but false propaganda to hoodwink the Malays into supporting Umno-BN!

 

As the Constitution stands now, the Royal Assent is not mandatory. This has led to abuse of power by the BN government. The most notorious example is when the government gazetted into law the controversial NSC Act despite the serious concerns of the Conference of Rulers. The NSC became law without obtaining the Royal Assent.

 

Earlier this year, I had filed an action against the government in the Federal Court to restore the mandatory requirement of the Royal Assent, by striking down Article 66(4) of the Constitution which enables a Bill to automatically become law within 30 days, even if the King does not assent to it.

 

I am disgusted that despite claiming to be protectors of the Royal Institution, the Umno-BN government through its lawyers are fighting my legal action in the courts every inch of the way!

 

The Royal Assent is essential in our constitutional scheme to maintain the balance between the executive, legislature and the Rulers in the passing of laws.

 

I reiterate here Pakatan Harapan’s position and commitment to protect the integrity of the Constitution and the preservation of the crucial role of the Royal institution in our constitutional framework.

 

A PH government will re-visit this issue with a view to amend the Constitution in order to restore the proper constitutional balance as envisaged at Merdeka, and to protect the position of the Malay Rulers.

 

Anwar Ibrahim

7 April 2018

31 March 2018

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Kenyataan Media
31 Mac 2018

 

Saya berasa amat jijik dengan tindakan BN yang meluluskan usul persempadanan semula di Dewan Rakyat dengan cukup tergesa-gesa tempoh hari. Ini adalah perkara yang amat serius yang sepatutnya diberikan masa secukupnya untuk dibahas dan dibincangkan. Tetapi usul tersebut telah diluluskan dalam masa 2 jam sahaja!

 

Ini bukanlah satu proses persempadanan semula yang betul yang mengikut lunas undang-undang, tetapi satu usaha persempadanan yang jelas melanggar semangat perlembagaan.

 

Ia adalah pengakuan bahawa BN akan kalah PRU14 jika sempadan sedia ada digunakan.

 

BN juga dengan tergopoh-gapah meluluskan RUU Anti-Berita Tidak Benar di parlimen. Ini adalah satu tindakan yang cukup desperado.

 

Sang Penguasa mahukan undang-undang ini untuk mengongkong dan menghalang orang ramai dari membincangkan skandal 1MDB dan lain-lain skandal rasuah dan kesalahan-kesalahan BN.

 

Dengan meluluskan RUU ini, BN dengan jelas menyerang golongan muda yang rata-rata bakal menjadi mangsa utama undang-undang zalim ini.

 

Berita palsu atau tidak benar sememangnya boleh ditangani dengan undang-undang sedia ada berkaitan isu fitnah.

 

Adakah kita hanya akan duduk diam bila pencuri penyamun yang merompak berbilion wang rakyat berkuasa mentakrifkan apa itu berita palsu?

 

Pakatan Harapan akan mewujudkan satu Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya yang benar-benar bebas, dan memansuhkan undang-undang anti-berita tidak benar ini.

 

Saya gesa seluruh rakyat Malaysia untuk keluar beramai-ramai mengundi Pakatan Harapan untuk menyahkan BN dari Putrajaya.

 

Anwar Ibrahim

Press Statement
31 Mac 2018

 

I am disgusted by the BN’s actions in bulldozing through the Dewan Rakyat the re-delineation proposal. This is a serious matter which should have taken weeks to debate and discuss. Instead it was hurried through in just 2 hours!

 

This is not a proper and lawful re-dileanation exercise, but a blatant and unconstitutional act of gerrymandering.

 

It is an admission by the BN that they would lose the general election using the old boundaries.

 

The BN are also rushing the Anti-fake news law through parliament. This is a clear sign of desperation.

 

They want this law to prevent further public discussion and criticism of the 1MDB scandal and other corruption scandals and wrongdoing of the BN.

 

In pushing through the anti-fake news bill, the BN are clearly targeting the youth, who will become the main victims of this law.

 

Fake news or false news can be dealt with by defamation laws.

Can we let the thieves who stole billions in public money decide what is fake?

 

Harapan will set up a truly independent election commission, and repeal the anti-fake news law.

 

I urge Malaysians to come out in large numbers and vote the BN out of power.

 

Issued by
Anwar Ibrahim

 

15 January 2018

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“Diucapkan selamat menyambut Pesta Pongal kepada masyarakat India terutamanya Tamil. Pesta ini bermakna sebagai merayakan berhasilnya pengeluaran pertanian. Moga-moga kebajikan rakyat terpelihara dengan semangat baru yang inginkan Keadilan. Inia Pongal Nal Valthukal!”

15 January 2018

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Disampaikan oleh YB Nurul Izzah Anwar di Konvensyen Pakatan Harapan ke-2, 7 Januari 2018

 

Yang Berbahagia Tun Pengerusi, saudari Presiden, rakan pimpinan dan pendukung setia Pakatan Harapan.

 

Muafakat yang tertera di dalam konvensyen ini – melakar jelas soal pengurusan negara demokratik dan adil, ekonomi manusiawi yang memacu pertumbuhan dan menjamin pengagihan kekayaan saksama, mempertahan akhlak dan etika berlandaskan keyakinan agama malah mengangkat martabat rakyat semua kaum dan dari semua wilayah kota desa dan pedalaman.

 

Alhamdulillah, Pakatan Harapan berjaya menangkis suara negatif media milik UMNO- Barisan Nasional yang mengandaikan proses rundingan akan gagal.

 

Mereka seperti juga sebahagian dari kalangan kita kurang arif bahawa keputusan dasar perlu telus dan mewakili hasrat dan suara rakyat terbanyak.

 

Saya sekadar menggesa rakan-rakan agar tertumpu kepada soal dasar dan prinsip perjuangan yg diasaskan selama dua dekad lalu.

 

Inilah permasalahan pokok yang perlu ditelusuri dan jelaskan kepada rakyat.

 

Dengan mengakui semangat kerjasama, kita menerima keputusan pimpinan.

 

Namun,  ia tidak akan menjejaskan tuntutan kita untuk melakukan perubahan sistem yang mengongkong pemikiran rakyat, rakus dan angkuh menggunakan kuasa, rompakan khazanah rakyat yang telah menjadi amalan pemerintahan negara sekian lama.

 

Justeru itu, marilah mengorak langkah dengan yakin menolak kezaliman dan rasuah dan tidak kelihatan mpertahankan sebarang keterlanjuran.

 

Jika semangat tersebut hidup segar dan disemarakkan, saya yakin, InshaaAllah PRU ke 14 akan mencatat era baru negara Malaysia tercinta.

 

Anwar Ibrahim

#BebasAnwar #BebasRakyat

6 February 2017

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Finews Asia (Monday, 6/2/2017)

More heat on the reclusive Malaysian financier alleged to be behind 1MDB’s web of MONEY-laundering: his private jet was grounded in Singapore. Meanwhile, Malaysia’s PM is grappling with problems of his own.

Jho Low dropped out of sight nearly two years ago, after the billion-dollar graft scandal surrounding Malaysian state fund 1MDB surfaced into the public domain.

Since then, two banks – Banca della Svizzera Italiana, or BSI, and Falcon Private Bank – have been sent packing from Singapore for laundering 1MDB MONEY without question. A handful more including UBS, DBS and Standard Chartered have been sanctioned.

There have been no sightings of Low, despite rumors alternatively claiming the financier is holed up in Taiwan, China, his native Penang or Thailand.

Jet Grounded at Seletar

The only tangible sign of him recently is a New Zealand court case brought by Low and his family. The Lows are seeking to stop the U.S. from grabbing pricey assets that prosecutors allege were bought with 1MDB’s money.

They won a small victory last month by shifting trustees from Rothschild Private Bank to a Caymans-based entity.

NOW a long-range private jet of Low’s was impounded at Seletar Airport in Singapore, according to «Sarawak Report». The jet was grounded by U.S. officials, who allege that Low purchased the machine with $700 million in 1MDB FUNDS.

Low Hiding in China?

The blog, which has reported extensively on the 1MDB scandal, said Low’s yacht has been moored in a Phuket yacht marina in recent months, after criss-crossing the South China Sea for roughly one year.

Low himself is hiding in China, the blog claimed, without citing where it got the information, elaborating or otherwise substantiating the claim.

1MDB’s ties to Abu Dhabi, which played a key role in the laundering scandal, are also coming into sharper focus. Malaysia and Abu Dhabi have been locked in an legal standoff over a soured financial deal.

Najib’s Setback

An arbitration judge recently ruled against Malaysia, «Sarawak» reported, which means 1MDB is likely to have to cough up a hefty payout to Abu Dhabi.

The two sides were close to reaching an amicable settlement, the blog reported, but the deal foundered amid demands from Najib Razak, Malaysia’s Prime Minister. Arbitration proceedings are almost always confidential in NATURE, making it nearly impossible to verify Sarawak’s reporting.

«The deal was scotched, it would appear, because Najib wanted the Middle Eastern fund managers (ie Abu Dhabi’s Royal Family) to lie and pretend that diverted and then stolen guarantee payments from 1MDB had indeed been paid to IPIC/Aabar, instead of being funnelled into a bogus BVI company, controlled by Low and his collaborators, with a similar name,» Sarawak said.

8 December 2016

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Sebarkan. Ramai-ramai hadir ke Istana Kehakiman Putrajaya pada 14 Disember 2016 Jam 9pagi bagi menunjukkan solidariti untuk Dato Seri Anwar Ibrahim. Insyallah beliau dibebaskan! #BebasAnwar

8 December 2016

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EU REPORTER CORRESPONDENT| December 7, 2016

Meanwhile, free-thinking, liberal Muslim thought leaders and reformers are struggling to live and work in peace at home. Muslim-majority nations are either ruled by nasty autocrats, military strongmen or flawed and fragile democrats. In many places, to speak up is to find yourself dead or in prison. If you are lucky, you can go into exile – but perhaps not for long.

Escape routes to the West are closing fast. Islam-bashing has become the favourite sport not just of Trump but also of populist parties across Europe. Rants against Islam unite members of the ‘populist international’ on both sides of the Atlantic. As the far right looks set to perform well in elections in many Western countries in the coming months, expect the anti-Islam vitriol to get nastier.

Europe should indeed focus on keeping out Muslim extremists. But it must not ignore the plight of Muslim reformers who are caught between the devil and the deep blue sea. Speak up at home, and they are likely to be branded ‘kafir’ (unbeliever). Head for shelter abroad, and they turn into potential troublemakers or even terrorists.

“Space for freedom of expression has been shrinking in the Muslim world,” says Surin Pitsuwan, Thailand’s former foreign minister and a much-respected former secretary-general of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).

“Muslim intellectuals cannot pursue their examination of laws and principles at home… they have to do that outside the Muslim world,” he told a World Forum for Muslim Democrats meeting in Tokyo last month. “Academics have to migrate in order to do their job. Muslim democrats feel the space for exercising their role is being limited… they cannot visualize their future.”

The Muslim world is suffering from a severe democratic deficit. Muslims long for freedom, the rule of law and representative government, said Nurul Izzah Anwar. She is Vice-President of the People’s Justice Party of Malaysia, which was set up by her father, Malaysian opposition politician Anwar Ibrahim (who is still in jail).

“There is confusion about how Muslims relate to democracy and to the challenge of facing extremism,” said Nurul Izzah. Muslims have to deal simultaneously with “fanatic ideologies and kleptocratic regimes”.

For many Muslims also, the struggle centres on efforts to reclaim their religion from the stranglehold of Saudi-based Wahhabist interpretations of Islam.

“It’s a fight that is long and difficult. Wahhabism is a dirty word in Indonesia. It is considered to be primitive,” said Indonesian scholar of Islam Azyumardi Azra. Unlike other countries, Indonesia is not dependent on money from Saudi Arabia, he said. “Our flowery Islam is embedded in our local culture.”

Yet for all its traditional tolerance and openness, Indonesia faces the challenge of protecting its minorities. Indonesian police has opened a criminal investigation into Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, better known as ‘Ahok’, for alleged blasphemy.

Ahok, a Christian, is the first member of Indonesia’s ethnic Chinese community to be elected as the capital’s governor. The investigation shows the authorities are “more worried about hardline religious groups than respecting and protecting human rights for all,” according to Rafendi Djamin, Amnesty International’s Director for Southeast Asia and the Pacific.

What happens in Indonesia is particularly relevant given the country’s reputation as a role-model for other Muslim countries.

Muslim reformers and intellectuals could once find shelter and asylum in the West. And while many have benefited from such protection and continue to do so, extremists in the United States and Europe are making clear that Islam is their new enemy.

As the extremists gain traction, the welcome for Muslims will wear even thinner in Europe. As former Egyptian member of parliament Abdul Mawgoud Dardery told the conference, “We feel betrayed by the US and Europe”.

Tragically, such betrayals are likely to become the norm. The US President-elect is likely to side with fellow ‘strongmen’ in the Muslim world. Europe’s populists can be expected to be just as indifferent to the plight of Muslim human rights defenders and democrats.

But Europe must keep its doors open to those in the Muslim world who want change, reform and democracy. As Surin underlined, “Muslim democrats have to face a dual challenge: we have to fight extremism in our midst and Islamophobia outside”.

29 November 2016

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oleh Dr Siddiq Fadzil

Mukadimah

Dalam era kekuasaan media, kita selalu tertipu dengan propaganda. Media sebagai image maker banyak melakukan pemalsuan citra, yang kecil diperbesar dan yang besar diperkecil. Antara yang cuba dimangsakan adalah Anwar Ibrahim, tokoh yang sumbangannya selalu dinafikan, dan kebesarannya selalu diperkecilkan. Mudah-mudahan kita masih memiliki kejujuran nurani, daya fikir kritis dan keberanian bersikap objektif dalam menilai seseorang. Anwar Ibrahim adalah tokoh multi-dimensi dalam pengertian memiliki kemampuan yang pelbagai. Umum mengenalinya sebagai pemimpin karismatik, ahli politik berkaliber dan strategis yang cemerlang. Tetapi selain itu beliau juga sebenarnya adalah seorang pemikir serius dan ilmuwan berwawasan luas. Banyak wawasan dan gagasannya yang segar dan menginspirasikan: wawasan kebangkitan Islam, wawasan kebangkitan Asia, wawasan ekonomi kemanusian, wawasan pendidikan keinsanan, wawasan masyarakat madani, dan yang terkini gagasan World Forum for Muslim Democrats.

Wawasan Kependidikan

Anwar Ibrahim adalah pemimpin-pendidik yang gigih memperjuangkan pendidikan sebagai birth right, hak yang lahir bersama kelahiran setiap anak manusia. Sejak muda beliau sangat memprihatinkan nasib anak-anak yang tidak mendapat peluang dan kemudahan belajar, terutama kanak-kanak di luar bandar. Mereka adalah antara korban kepincangan dasar urban biased development, dasar pembangunan yang lebih memusat di kawasan bandar. Sementara itu mereka yang berpeluang mendapat pendidikan pula, banyak dirosakkan oleh sistem pendidikan yang terlalu bersifat pragmatik dan utilitariansehingga mengabaikan objektif utama islah al-insan (pembaikan insan). Akibatnya berleluasalah gejala moral decadence,  kebejatan moral dalam pelbagai bentuknya. Yang paling menyolok adalah hypocrisy elit kepimpinan sebagaimana yang dirumuskan oleh Anwar sendiri ketika diwawancarai oleh Zainah Anwar,

The leaders were condemning corruption, but they were enriching themselves. They talked about Malay nationalism but they were alienated from the Malay masses.
They were obsessed with the west. They were too accommodating to non-Malay sentiments. They were extremely slow in implementing national policies in education and language. We wereimpatient and angry about the plight of the Malays, their education, rural development, rural health. There was this huge University Hospital, but no clinics in the rural areas. There were schools with no laboratories, no libraries and no qualified teachers. We were very angry, disgusted and critical of the government. There seemed to be no moral foundation and no spiritual guidance. We turned to Islam to fill this vacuum and to look for solutions. (Zainah Anwar, 1987:12-13)

Ketempangan sedemikian itulah yang membibitkan kesedaran reformatif-islahi yang kemudiannya mengorientasikan gerakan kesiswaan PKPIM (Persatuan Kebangsaan Pelajar Islam Malaysia) yang dipimpinnya. Dalam wawasan reformasi-islahinya, agenda pendidikan menempati posisi teras sebagaimana terserlah dalam orientasi gerakan kepemudaan yang muncul menyusul pada tahun 1971 iaitu Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia (ABIM).

Sebaik sahaja menamatkan pengajiannya di Universiti Malaya, Anwar Ibrahim terus terjun ke dunia pendidikan kerakyatan dengan menubuhkan Yayasan Anda, sebuah sekolah menengah kerakyatan di Kampung Baru, Kuala Lumpur, yang menampung pelajar-pelajar yang tidak mendapat tempat di sekolah-sekolah kerajaan. Mengenai sekolah ini Nagata menyebutnya sebagai gabungan pola pendidikan agama dan sekular:

Religious and secular education patterns in such a way that pupils can both sit for the national promotional examinations which open the doors of occupational opportunity to government and private sector and receive a solid religious and moral foundation for life as good Muslims. (Nagata, J., 1984:92).

Persekolahan model Yayasan Anda segera berkembang dengan memakai nama yang berbeza-beza di Ipoh, Taiping, Sungai Petani, Alor Star dan Kota Kinabalu. Yang menjadi ciri khas persekolahan model ini ialah pengajaran subjek Prinsip Islam yang memperkenalkan shumuliyyat al-Islam, iaitu Islam sebagai cara hidup yang utuh dan menyeluruh. Selain itu ialah orientasi keislamannya yang kental sebagai jelmaan semangat kebangkitan Islam yang menggelora ketika itu. Sekolah-sekolah tersebut rata-rata dikendalikan oleh aktivis-aktivis gerakan Islam ABIM. Majoriti besar aktivis ABIM ketika itu adalah guru-guru, dan mereka memang sangat instrumental dalam gerakan pemerataan kesedaran Islamiah yang berteraskan pendidikan.

Gerakan kependidikan ini juga didukung kekuatan idea demokratisasi pendidikan, bahawa pendidikan tidak seharusnya menjadi hak eksklusif golongan istimewa, sebaliknya harus dapat dinikmati secara kolektif oleh seluruh rakyat, tanpa mengira kaum dan agama atau status sosialnya. Komitmen terhadap semangat democratization of education yang dikobarkan oleh Anwar Ibrahim telah membangkitkan kesedaran pemerataan pendidikan, di samping pemerataan kesedaran tentang hak mendapat pendidikan berkualiti.

Pendidikan Keinsanan

Komitmen kependidikan Anwar Ibrahim juga terbina hasil penjelajahannya yang luas dalam dunia keintelektualan. Pelbagai aliran pemikiran, Timur dan Barat dipelajari dengan tekun, untuk kemudiannya diadun menjadi suatu gagasan yang segar. Demikianlah beliau mengadun pemikiran Paolo Freire dari Brazil dengan pemikiran ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Kawakibiy dari Syria untuk menggagaskan pendidikan pembebasan dan pemberdayaan. Paolo Freire (1921-1997) adalah tokoh pemikir yang menggagaskan pendidikan untuk kaum tertindas. Antara bukunya yang banyak dibicarakan dalam kalangan masyarakat pendidik ialah Pedagogy of the Oppressed dan Education as the Practice of Freedom. Paolo Freire menggunakan pendidikan sebagai wahana membangkitkan kaum tertindas yang buta huruf dan terbenam dalam budaya bisu. Freire berkeyakinan bahawa manusia betapa pun jahilnya, dan berapa pun lamanya terbenam dalam budaya bisu (submerged in the culture of silence), ia tetap berpotensi untuk mampu melihat dunianya secara kritis. Pendidikan yang tepat akan membangkitkan kesedaran tentang hakikat dirinya sebagai manusia yang bermartabat. Pendidikan yang tepat juga akan membebaskannya dari budaya bisu, dan seterusnya memberinya keberanian tampil di pentas dialog kritis. Dengan kata lain, pendidikan liberatif mampu menciptakan transformasi radikal, merubah manusia buta huruf yang pasif dan bisu, menjadi manusia baru yang berani bangkit menggugat budaya dan order masyarakat yang menindasnya selama ini.

`Abd al-Rahman al-Kawakibiy (1854-1902) adalah ilmuwan-pejuang yang termasuk dalam rangkaian tokoh-tokoh gerakan islahakhir abad ke-19 dan awal abad ke-20 yang dipelopori oleh Jamal al-din al-Afghaniy, Muhammad `Abduh dan Rashid Rida. Kekuatan al-Kawakibiy adalah analisisnya tentang gejala penindasan sebagaimana yang tertuang dalam bukunya Taba’i` al-Istibdad wa Masari` al-Isti`bad. Bagi al-Kawakibiy, ibu segala bentuk penindasan adalah penindasan politik. Rakyat diindoktrinasi untuk menerima hakikat bahawa golongan penguasa memang diciptakan untuk memerintah semahu mereka, sementara rakyat pula memang dicipta untuk mengabdi kepada penguasa, adil atau zalim. Al-Kawakibiy mengatakan bahawa rakyat yang tertindas dalam pemerintahan despotik dilayani bagaikan anjing yang dihina tetapi tetap setia, rela mengabdi walaupun hanya diberi tulang. Rakyat Muslimin di pelbagai rantau dunia terbelenggu dalam kezaliman para penguasa yang dibantu oleh fuqaha’ al-istibdad (ulama penindasan). Umat diindoktrinasi dengan fiqh al-istibdad (fiqh penindasan) yang berintikan ajaran syukur kalau penguasa adil, sabar kalau mereka zalim. Satu-satunya cara melawan penindasan bagi Al-Kawakibiy adalah pendidikan pembebasan, ilmu yang dapat menyedarkan umat tentang betapa buruknya kehidupan yang sedang mereka alami, dan sekali gus memberikan harapan bahawa mereka boleh memperbaikinya. Dengan kesedaran sedemikian, mereka akan mulai merasakan sakitnya ditindas dan diperas.

Wacana penindasan dan pentingnya pendidikan pembebasan memang sangat relevan dalam konteks masyarakat pasca-kolonial yang masih terbelenggu dalam sikap jiwa hamba warisan penjajahan, dan dilanjutkan oleh penguasa pasca-kemerdekaan. Anwar dan rakan-rakannya menyedari bahawa kemerdekaan telah tidak diisi dengan pembinaan jiwa merdeka, malah telah berlaku proses dehumanisasi (penghakisan ciri dan nilai keinsanan). Manusia yang kehilangan hak dan martabatnya adalah manusia yang telah kehilangan kemanusiaannya. Kerana itu isu insaniyyat al-insan menjadi keprihatinan utama, dan seterusnya membangkitkan kesedaran tentang pendidikan keinsanan.

Pendidikan yang berorientasi keinsanan inilah yang menjadi tumpuan utama ketika Anwar Ibrahim menjadi Menteri Pendidikan. Antara sumbangan besar beliau sebagai Menteri Pendidikan ialah perumusan Falsafah Pendidikan Negara yang berintikan idea keinsanan, “…memperkembangkan lagi potensi individu secara menyeluruh dan bersepadu untuk mewujudkan insan yang seimbang dan harmonis dari segi intelek, rohani, emosi dan jasmani berdasarkan kepercayaan dan kepatuhan kepada Tuhan.” Bagi Anwar human development adalah paksi pembangunan di segala sektor dan bidang, termasuk pembangunan ekonomi yang harus menjadi bahagian integral daripada keseluruhan falsafah pembangunan insan. Beliau mengingatkan bahawa manusia yang dimaksudkan dalam konteks pembangunan ekonomi yang digagaskannya, bukan manusia menurut definisi humanisme sekular yang sentiasa haus dan rakus, tetapi manusia unggul seperti yang dikonsepsikan dalam tamadun-tamadun besar dunia, iaitu seperti chun tzu(manusia sempurna) dalam Konfusianisme, dan insan salih (manusia baik) dalam Islam. Pembangunan ekonomi tidak dilihat dari perspektif homo economicus yang materialistik, tetapi dari perspektif homo islamicus yang mampu menciptakan keseimbangan material-spiritual.

Universiti dan Kualiti Keintelektualan

Berbicara tentang kebangkitan Asia, Anwar Ibrahim mengingatkan peri pentingnya kecemerlangan intelektual dan pengayaan budaya (intellectual excellence and cultural enrichment). Mediokriti harus segera digantikan dengan kecemerlangan (intelektual). Justeru, kemajuan dan kebangkitan tidak mungkin berlaku di tengah kebekuan dan kegersangan intelektual. Mengenai kepentingan iklim keintelektualan yang segar sebagai prasyarat perubahan, beliau mengatakan, “The reengineering of society, to make it more open, transparent and tolerant, is also contingent upon a vibrant intellectual climate.” (Anwar Ibrahim, 1997:30).

Ternyata Anwar Ibrahim sangat memprihatinkan kualiti keintelektualan di negara ini, dan seterusnya kepiawaian para graduan yang ditampilkan oleh universiti-universiti tempatan. Dilatari keprihatinan tersebut, ketika menjadi Menteri Pendidikan, beliau telah mengarahkan semua Naib Canselor membaca sebuah laporan tentang kemerosotan pengajian tinggi di Amerika Syarikat. Laporan berjudul A Nation at Risk (1983) itu mengungkapkan keprihatinan terhadap tahap kekuatan intelektual, moral dan spiritual bangsa Amerika, “Our concern, however, goes well beyond matters such as industry and commerce. It also includes the intellectual, moral and spiritual strength of our people which knit together the very fabric of our society.”

Perhatiannya terhadap mutu pengajian tinggi tidak terbatas hanya ketika menjadi Menteri Pendidikan, tetapi berterusan hingga sekarang. Dalam pesanan khasnya kepada penulis, beliau menyarankan agar diteliti juga laporan selepas A Nation at Riskdi atas, iaitu A Test of Leadership (2006) yang memprihatinkan pelbagai gejala kemorosotan dalam pendidikan tinggi Amerika Syarikat. Kesimpulan laporan tersebut menyatakan:

The future of our country’s colleges and universities is threatened by global competitive pressures, powerful technological development, restraints on public finance, and serious structural limitations that cry out for reform.
Our report has recommended strategic actions designed to make higher education more accessible, more affordable, and more accountable, while maintaining world-class quality. Our Colleges and universities must become more transparent, faster to respond to rapidly changing circumstances and increasingly productive in order to deal effectively with the powerful forces of change they now face.

Laporan-laporan sedemikian menarik perhatian Anwar, kerana beliau sendiri memang mengaspirasikan universiti berkualiti tinggi yang dapat menjadi pusat pengembangan minda kreatif dan adventurous. Beliau menerima pentingnya pengkhususan, tetapi tidak harus terkurung dalam kepompong pengkhususan. Sebaliknya harus ada pendedahan secukupnya kepada idea-idea penting dari disiplin lain dan perkembangan pemikiran umum semasa. Di samping cemerlang dalam bidang masing-masing, para graduan juga harus memiliki cita rasa seni, sastera, musik dan karya-karya yang tinggi nilai estetikanya. Para graduan universiti yang menguasai bidang yang pelbagai itulah yang beliau sebut sebagai multidimensional men.

Beliau juga menginginkan agar institusi-institusi pengajian tinggi memiliki kesanggupan dan keberanian melakukan penerokaan baru dalam pelbagai bidang falsafah, agama, perundangan, ekonomi, seni dan sains. Pelajar-pelajar universiti pula tidak harus hanya terpaku pada buku-buku teks semata-mata, tetapi harus dibimbing untuk meneroka idea-idea dari karya sarjana-sarjana besar, dan mengikuti polemik intelektual dari pelbagai aliran. Di samping membangkitkan ghairah keintelektualan, beliau juga mengingatkan pentingnya nilai-nilai murni kerohanian seperti keihlasan, kerendahan dan kemurahan hati, serta kecintaan pada kebenaran dan keadilan. Tanpa didasari nilai-nilai tersebut, ilmu setinggi mana pun tidak akan membawa kebaikan. (Anwar Ibrahim, 1997: 106-107).

Anwar Ibrahim memang sangat komited dengan epistemologi Islam. Peranan kuncinya dalam penubuhan Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia (UIAM) membuktikan kesungguhannya dalam usaha membangun semula tamadun keilmuan Islam berteraskan epistemologi tawhidik dalam pengertian Islamisasi ilmu. Sebagai ilmuwan Islamis, beliau cukup menyedari masalah-masalah yang membelit tradisi keilmuan sekular Barat dengan segala akibatnya. Kritiknya yang konsisten terhadap sekularisme, mengimplikasikan komitmen terhadap de-sekularisasi ilmu, untuk seterusnya dikembalikan kepada tawhid sebagai prinsip dan kaedah integratif menuju kesepaduan ilmu dalam suluhan wahyu Ilahi.

Khatimah

Anwar Ibrahim adalah contoh manusia pencinta ilmu yang setulennya. Beliau benar-benar telah mengecapi ladhdhat al-ma`rifah (kelazatan ilmu). Kerana itu beliau selamanya sangat akrab dengan ilmu dan ilmuwan. Apabila berbicara tentang sesuatu, dapat dipastikan beliau memang tahu apa yang dibicarakannya, bukan pura-pura tahu seperti sesetengah orang. Pidato-pidatonya yang memukau, bukan hanya kerana gaya retorikanya yang istimewa, tetapi lebih daripada itu adalah kekentalan ideanya yang terhasil dari penjelajahannya dalam dunia keilmuan yang memang cukup luas. Kemanusiaan seorang manusia, bukan pada raga jasmaninya, tetapi pada akal budinya. Demikianlah keyakinan dan pegangan hidup Anwar Ibrahim yang ternyata sangat teruja dengan bait-bait puisi Abu al-Fath al-Busti:

Ya khadima ‘l-jismi, kam tashqa li khidmatihi,

Litatluba ‘r-ribha mimma fihi khusranu,

Aqbil `ala ‘n-nafsi wa ‘stakmil fada’ilaha,

Fa anta bi ‘n-nafsi, la bi ‘l-jismi insanu.

Wahai pengabdi jasmani, betapa penat kau merawatnya,

Bak mencari laba, di pasar ruginya segala niaga

Hadap sajalah jiwa dan minda, bina hingga sempurna

Dengan akal budi, bukan raga jasmani, kau jadi manusia.

Rujukan:

Allers, Charles. 2013. Anwar Ibrahim: Evolution of a Muslim Democrat. Singapore:
Monsoon.

Al-Kawakibiy, `Abd al-Rahman. 2009. Taba’i` al-Istibdad wa Masari` al-Isti`bad. Kaherah: Dar al-Shuruq.

Anwar Ibrahim. 1997. The Asian Renaissance. Singapore: Times Book International.

Freire, Paolo. 1968. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: The Seabury Press.

Nagata, Judith. 1984. The Reflowering of Malaysian Islam: Modern Religious Radicals and Their Roots. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Siddiq Fadzil. 2014. Pendidikan al-Hikmah dan Misi Pencerahan. Kajang: Akademi Kajian Ketamadunan.

—————– 2015. Misi Kecendekiawanan dalam Gerakan Reformasi Islahi. Bangi:

Wadah Pencerdasan Umat Malaysia (WADAH)

Zainah Anwar. 1987. Islamic Revivalism in Malaysia: Dakwah Among the Students. Petaling Jaya: Pelanduk Publication.

2 November 2016

Pendapat

Pendapat Anda?

KENYATAAN MEDIA

Kita sudah gunakan segala ikhtiar untuk memastikan negara memperkasa demokrasi yang diikrarkan dalam Perisytiharan Kemerdekaan 1957 dan Perjanjian Malaysia 1963. Di antara tunggak proses tersebut adalah pelaksananaan pilihanraya adil dan bersih.

Selama ini amanah tersebut dimungkiri. Tuntutan Bersih 2.0 juga diketepikan.

Maka saya menyeru semua rakyat untuk menyertai perhimpunan Bersih 5 dengan semangat setiakawan pada 19 November 2016.

Kehadiran saudara-saudari akan membantu menjana perubahan di negara Malaysia tercinta.

Anwar Ibrahim

2 November 2016

20 October 2016

Pendapat

Pendapat Anda?

By Rasa Sarwari – ASEAN TODAY (20 October 2016)

Corruption-hunting Swiss and Singaporean authorities are targeting banks connected to the 1Malaysia Development Bhd (1MDB) strategic development fund; recently bringing Falcon Private Bank into their sights. The outfit has something of a record, losing its banking license in Singapore only a day before due to regulatory mishandlings.

But as Falcon is forced to close its operations, several other 1MDB-linked banks are still allowed to take business and being let off with minor fines. In fact, of the banks that were fined by Singapore’s monetary authority; UBS handed over $1.3 million SGD in punishment payments and DBS Group Holdings Ltd paid $1 million SGD. Falcon, meanwhile, paid $4.3 million SGD for their conduct.

Cracking down on banks

To catch-up on the foundations of the fall of Falcon, Malaysia’s current Prime Minister, Najib Razak, was the chair of the 1MDB fund. The state-owned investment vehicle is now under investigation across six countries, including the US, Singapore, and Switzerland, where respective authorities are looking into money-laundering and corruption by Malaysian government officials. The allegations are they siphoned off billions of dollars.

In light of this, “regulators are increasingly willing to investigate and punish banks that don’t properly vet their clients or where their money comes from” explains Patrick Emmenegger, a leading economist at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland. He continues, “Singapore and Switzerland have made real inroads against the banks.” For 1MDB’s part, senior officials have denied wrongdoing and committed to work with the local authorities.

Banca della Svizzera Italiana (BSI) was the first Swiss bank investigated by Switzerland’s Office of the Attorney General (OAG) about the saga, but it seems attention has now clearly shifted to Falcon. This second private bank is owned by the Emirati International Petroleum Investment Co, based in Abu Dhabi, and its officials have also agreed to “cooperate with the OAG to help ensure a speedy resolution to the investigation”. This is the latest development in a year-long investigation, but so far only four people face criminal charges.

Pressing Najib’s inner circle

In January 2016, the OAG said there was evidence that around $4 billion USD had been embezzled from 1MDB and now new allegations that are emerging that point to a $800 USD million Ponzi scheme connected to the fund. In light of this news, Prime Minister Najib Razak has again denied his involvement in any wrongdoing.

But can there be smoke without fire? Despite the Malaysian leader’s continued pleas of ignorance of the matter, the OAG might be unintentionally building a case around him – simply by picking apart his former associates and financial partners. Swiss authorities are currently questioning Falcon about a $681 million USD “pass through” transaction from an anonymous account of a Malaysian businessman. Although the Swiss authorities are not releasing any details of where this money went, the $681million USD is the exact amount seen in Najib’s personal account before Malaysia’s 2013 general election. The beleaguered leader has stated he returned $620 million USD of what he says was a political donation, but the remaining $61 million USD is still unaccounted for.

Although the Swiss authorities are not releasing any details of where this money went, the $681million USD is the exact amount seen in Najib’s personal account before Malaysia’s 2013 general election. The beleaguered leader has stated he returned $620 million USD of what he says was a political donation, but the remaining $61 million USD is still unaccounted for.

The fallout

The criminal charges that Falcon faces relate to the investigation by Switzerland’s financial watchdog, FINMA buht many of their actions are under the spotlight. For their part the OAG points out that “the information suggests that the offences of money laundering currently under investigation in (the) 1MDB case could have been prevented had the Falcon Private Bank Ltd been adequately organised”.

Falcon have responded to the charges saying that “based on the findings of the regulators, Falcon Private Bank has initiated additional measures to prevent future issues.” However, this will not stop FINMA from taking $2.56 million USD of illegal profits they have earned, as well as raising charges against two unnamed former Falcon official. Though Najib continues to cover his tracks and deny responsibility for the 1MDB scandal, his inner circle of banks and associates are facing criminal persecution from some of the highest international authorities. What will emerge next?

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